This journal article discusses job stress and psychological well being. The “strain-hypothesis” is introduced, which indicates that health is compromised in high strain jobs (Pelfrene, Vlerick, Kittel et al). ‘High strain jobs’ are characterized by high job demands and low job control. It further discusses the “iso-strain hypothesis,” which indicates that ‘isolated’ high strain workers with little social support at work experience even more psychological detriments (Pelfrene, Vlerick, Kittel et al). The research team follows male and female workers in Belgium. Four indicators of psychological well being are considered; feelings of fatigue, feelings of depression, sleep problems and use of psychoactive drugs (Pelfrene Vlerick, Kittel et al). The study concluded that the strain hypothesis and the iso-strain hypothesis are supported by their research (Pelfrene, Vlerick, Kittel et al).
Pelfrene, E., Vlerick, P., Kittel, F., Mak, R., Kornitzer, M., De Backer, G. (2002). Psychosocial work environment and psychological well-being: assessment of the buffering effects in the job demand–control (–support) model in belstress. Stress and Health,18(1), 43-56. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/smi.920/abstract